Dehydration happens in the body when the level of water content is too low, which can be prevented by increasing fluid intake. Symptoms of dehydration are; headache, dizziness, lethargy, melancholy, low-power response, dry nose, dry cracked lips, body weakness, urine is very yellow or dark, fatigue, and hallucinations. Dangers are; unable to remove the urine, renal failure to work, the body is unable to remove the remnants of toxic metabolic processes, in extreme conditions it can lead to death already.
Causes of dehydration:
Increased production of sweat because of hot weather, humidity, exercise, or fever.
Lack of drinking water.
Lack of body signals a good working mechanism in the elderly, so sometimes they do not feel thirsty despite being in a state of dehydration.
Increased output of urine from hormone deficiency, diabetes, or in treatment or kidney disease.
Diarrhoea or vomiting.
Healing of burns.
If you do not drink enough water then the risk of kidney stones, increase and the risk of urinary tract infections will increase in women. Evidence of increased risk of cancers, including bladder cancer and colon cancer. TheA shortage of drinking water reduces physical and mental performance and salivary gland function.
The people who need more water intake, including :
High protein diet.
High-fibre diet, (fluids help prevent constipation)
Children who suffer from vomiting or diarrhea disease.
Changeable weather conditions and temperature of warm or hot.
Older people tend to be at risk of dehydration:
Changes in kidney function with age.
Often do not feel thirsty (the thirst mechanism signals the body that does not work optimally with age).
Being in treatment (treatment of diuretics and laxatives).
Suffering from chronic diseases.
Mobility is very low.
Children can be very susceptible to dehydration conditions, especially if sick; vomiting, fever, and diarrhea can quickly dehydrate babies this condition can be very dangerous for the safety of the baby. If you know the state of dehydration in young children or babies, then immediately take it to the nearest hospital. Some symptoms of dehydration in children, such as :
The skin feels cold, lethargic, Mouth dry,
The condition of the bone anatomy of the head (fontanelle) depressed,
A little blue colored skin due to stagnant circulation.
Excess Water Intake (Hyponatremia)
Compare with the above conditions, drinking too much water also can damage the body and cause hyponatremia. This condition is known as a decrease in sodium levels in the blood to extremely low levels and dangerous. Sodium is needed in muscle contraction and nerve impulse transmission. If you drink too much water, the kidneys can not remove enough fluid. Excess water can cause headaches, blurred vision, cramps (and eventually convulsions), brain swelling, coma, and eventually death.
Reaching the level of excess, may cause over-consumption of water to several liters per day. excess water conditions occur commonly in people suffering from specific diseases or mental (for example, in some cases of schizophrenia) illness in infants who were fed with food baby too much liquid.
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