Quinoa – what is it and what do I do with it?

Quinoa is the wonder grain from South America ~  gluten-free,lighter than other
grains, and full of protein!

Quinoa has travelled the world!

 

New menu’s:

Breakfast ~ a bowl of oatmeal for breakfast can be replaced with quinoa.

Lunch or dinner ~ seasoned quinoa on the sweet or savory side and eaten with fresh fruit or a T-Bone.

 

How do you prepare quinoa?

2:1 ratio of water and quinoa:

  • Boil the quinoa uncovered on a stovetop, stirring occasionally.
  • Cook for about 15 minutes, or until the grain becomes translucent and a white spiral appears around the grain.
  • Add a dash of salt and/or a bit of butter before serving.
  • Other great additions include: chopped onion, cinnamon, or GF soy sauce.
Quinoa uncooked

Quinoa uncooked

Chronic diarrhoea ~ signs, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment


Diarrhoea is labelled chronic by a doctor, when it occurs at least three or more times daily for more than four weeks! That’s a long time to suffer believe me!
What are the causes chronic diarrhoea?
Chronic diarrhoea can often be a result of or caused by a symptom of an illness, infection, or another condition; known or unknown to the sufferer. Increasingly the number of people who have a reaction to food having difficulty or being unable to digest particular foods: lactose the sugar found in dairy products, lactase the protein found in dairy products, fats, caffeine, alcohol, acid, yeast, chemicals and much more. Another cause may be from infections caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites found in food or travelling abroad where we are not used to theses living organisms. I have found medicines such as laxatives and antibiotics cause chronic diarrhoea and apparently; cancer treatments, heart medicines, minerals; magnesium, can cause chronic diarrhoea in some people. In addition to this, medical conditions that affect the stomach or intestines: inflammatory bowel disease; IBS; Thyroid, pancreatic or liver disorders; cancers can also cause chronic diarrhoea; autoimmune diseases for example, coeliac or crohn’s disease, often cause periods of chronic diarrhoea. Having any surgery or procedures whether medical or cosmetic: including any invasive stomach or bowel surgery, especially where damage to muscles which control bowel movements is caused. I believe having Caesarean sections cause this, but the doctors and consultants cannot comment until more research is done to confirm. Which reminds me that, Medicine is a relatively new Science

The signs and symptoms of chronic diarrhoea are severe abdominal pain with an overwhelmingly urgent need to have a bowel movement or even worse a loss of bowel control. Additionally, there may be a small amount of blood, mucus, or pus in your bowel movement which you need to notify your doctor about when considering the cause of the chronic diarrhoea. Due to going to the toilet three or more times a day for four weeks it is inevitable that some weight loss will occur (this varies in sufferers). Also due to the increase in frequent rapid bowel movements then some anal discomfort is likely to be caused by sores with irritation and inflammation – zinc and castor oil cream or sudocrem will alleviate this somewhat or visit a pharmacist who will advise.

Treatment depends on what the condition is which is causing your chronic diarrhoea.

Treatments:

Oral rehydration therapy
You must drink more liquids to replace body fluids lost through diarrhoea to prevent dehydration.
You may be advised of your need to drink an Oral Rehydration Solution, (ORS) especially babies, young children, pregnant women or the elderly. As the Oral Rehydration Solution has the exact amounts of sugar, salt, and minerals in water which are needed to replace body fluids.

Anti-diarrhoeal medicine
This is given as it decreases the frequency and amount of diarrhoea you are having by coating the intestine (bowel) so making the stool less watery or working by slowing down how fast the intestine is moving.

Discuss with your practitioner if one medicine does not work you may require one which slows down the bowel movements, peppermint tea also aids slowing bowel movement which I prefer over drugs.


Chronic diarrhoea is diagnosed by a general practitioner (doctor) or nurse initially they will examine you, ask about your symptoms; make sure you say if have noticed any: unusual colour or smell to your bowel movements; blood, mucus, or oil droplets in your bowel movement, after eating certain foods; if you have travelled abroad recently; if who you live with or are close to has had the same symptoms.
It is therefore routine to take tests to eliminate or show certain causes of your symptoms:

Blood sample is sent to a laboratory testing that major internal organs, e.g. kidneys, are working correctly.

Sample of your bowel movement is sent to a laboratory to aid finding the possible cause of your chronic diarrhoea.

X-ray of your abdomen to show if there is a possible cause of your chronic diarrhoea.

CT scan or CAT scan, this is an x-ray machine which uses a computer to take photographs of your abdomen, which may show the cause of your chronic diarrhoea. A dye is given before the pictures are taken to help the practitioner to see the photograph better.

N.B. The caregiver needs to know if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast dye.

Colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy is a procedure to examine the inside of the colon which is the large intestine). A thin flexible tube with a small light and camera on the end is used. The procedure is normally shown on a screen for the doctor which you can watch if you wish. A biopsy and photographs may be taken to eliminate possible causes and for future reference.

Tru3 J0y
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Coeliac disease symptoms

Coeliac disease symptoms vary among people as a result the symptoms can range from very mild to severe. The reactions are different from an allergic reaction as symptoms do not cause anaphylactic shock. Coeliac disease is a ‘multi-system’ disorder for the reason that symptoms may affect any area of the body.

Symptoms

Symptoms of eating gluten differ among individuals which can last from a few hours to a few days whilst eating gluten so less gluten makes your symptoms vary in severity:

• Headaches,
• Diarrhoea,
• Stomach pains, cramps, bloatedness,
• Lethargy,
• Severe or occasional diarrhoea, excessive wind and/or constipation,
• Persistent or unexplained gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting,
• Recurrent stomach pain, cramping or bloating,
• Deficiency of one or a combination of iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid,
• Anaemia,
• Tiredness and/or headaches,
• Unexpected or rapid weight loss,
• Mouth ulcers,
• Alopecia (hair loss),
• Dermatitis herpetiformis (skin rash)
• Tooth enamel problems,
• Depression,
• Infertility,
• Liver abnormalities,
• Repeated miscarriages,
• Joint pain and/or bone pain,
• Neurological; nerve; ataxia which is poor muscle coordination; neuropathy numbness and tingling in the hands and feet,
• Amenorrhea which is a lack of periods in women,
• Symptoms in young children and babies may differ and require close monitoring to refer to a GP.

Tru3 J0y
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Banana syrup cake

Ingredients
200 grams butter or margarine for lactose intolerant use dairy free spread
200 grams sugar
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1 Tablespoon Lyles Golden syrup
1 teaspoon cinnamon
4 medium eggs
2 ripe bananas
100 grams porridge oats for gluten intolerance or coeliac use certified coeliac oats or free from oats
100 grams self raising flour for coeliacs or gluten intolerance use Gluten free flour

Method
1, Preheat oven 190 or Gas 5.
Muffin tins put paper cases in bake for 20 minutes alternatively line a baking tray but bake for 40 minutes.

2, Cream the butter/margarine and sugar together, using a wooden spoon or electric whisk.

3, Add syrup, vanilla extract, eggs and cinnamon and mix well.

4, Add oats either blend in a food mixture or using electric whisk to blend down as whisked for a couple of minutes.

5, Add banana, if mixing by hand then mash first, if not add and use electric whisk to blend until the mixture is smooth.

6, Add flour, mix gradually with a large spoon until folded. Using a spoon, spoon the mixture into the cases half filling once each tray is complete place in oven, set timer.

7, Check after 20 minutes for muffins or 40 for a larger cake, prick centre with a cake skewer or similar.

8, Once cooked remove from oven place on a cooling rack to cool.

9, Buttercream or Cream cheese Icing can be added or a simply a sprinkling of cinnamon and sugar shaken over the top for added taste and texture.

Tru3 J0y
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Quinoa recipes

Quinoa seed crackers

3 tablespoons flaxseeds,
3 tablespoons sunflower seeds
2 tablespoons sesame seeds
3 ounces (1/2 cup packed) cooked quinoa
2 ounces (1/2 cup, minus 1 tablespoons) quinoa flour (or, substitute 2 ounces superfine brown rice flour)
2 ounces (1/2 cup, plus 1 tablespoon) quinoa flakes
3 ounces (1/2 cup) potato starch
1 teaspoon baking powder
1 teaspoon xanthan gum
1/2 teaspoon guar gum
1 teaspoon fine sea salt
2 ounces butter, softened
2 ounces olive oil
2 to 5 tablespoons ice-cold water

Method
Preparing to make the crackers Preheat the oven to 400°. Pull out a sheet tray and line it with a sheet of parchment paper.
Preparing the seeds. Put the flaxseed, sesame seeds and sunflower seeds, into the food processor. Pulse it until they have broken down but not butter.
Mixing in the dry ingredients. Add the cooked quinoa, quinoa flour, quinoa flakes, potato starch, baking powder, xanthan gum, guar gum, and salt to the food processor. Let it run for a couple of minutes, so everything has a chance to mix and dance, and the flours to become blended well.
Finishing the dough. Add the softened butter to the mix. Spin the food processor around. Slowly, drizzle in the oil, with the food processor running. At this point, the dough should be clumping together quite well, but not yet one big ball. If the dough feels at all too dry, add the water, 1 tablespoon at a time. Turn off the food processor.
Rolling out the dough. Put the clumps of dough onto the baking sheet. Squidge the dough together into a vague lump and carefully, gently, roll it out the approximate length and width of the baking sheet. If you desire, top the crackers with additional sesame seeds.
Baking the crackers. Bake the crackers until they are browned and firm to the touch, but not too brown or firm to the touch, about 20 minutes in our oven. Take them out of the oven and let them cool on the baking sheet.
Transfer the cracker (which should be one big sheet, or at least several) to a cutting board. When the cracker has completely cooled, cut it into the size of cracker you want. And so the cracker becomes crackers.

Makes about 20 crackers
~~~~~~~~~

Quinoa recipes

Quinoa salad

200g/7oz quinoa, cooked according to the packet instructions
handful fresh parsley, chopped
1 tbsp chopped fresh mint
1 red pepper, finely diced
1 cucumber, finely diced
1 red onion, finely diced
100ml/3½fl oz extra virgin olive oil
1 lemon, juice only
salt and freshly ground black pepper

Method
Mix together the quinoa, herbs, vegetables in a bowl; dress with olive oil and lemon juice, season, to taste, with salt and freshly ground black pepper.

Vegetarian Spicy Quinoa pepper and bean stew

Prep Time: 10 min
Cooking Time: 20 min
Total Time: 30 minutes

Ingredients:
2 1/2 tablespoon olive oil
1 onion, chopped
Pinch salt to taste
Freshly ground peppercorns
2 clove(s) garlic, chopped
1 red bell pepper, diced
1 tsp chilli flakes, or to taste
10 fresh diced tomatoes, without skin or a 450g tinned tomatoes
450g tin black beans
1 red pepper, chopped
1 yellow pepper, chopped
1 orange or green pepper, chopped
Sprigs of fresh herbs chopped marjoram, oregano and tthyme or 1/2 tsp of dried herbs
1 Litre of vegetable stock
1 cup of cooked quinoa
Optional extra’s:
1 small tin of sweet corn
6 mushrooms sliced
1 small courgette chopped

Method
In a large deep flat pan heat the olive oil over medium heat. Add the chopped onion, stir until soft. Add, red bell pepper, cook until tender. Add the chili flakes tomatoes, herbs, black beans, and vegetable stock. Simmer, partially covered and stirring, 15 minutes. Add garlic, sweet corn, courgette, mushroom, peppers, or any other ingredients you choose, cook and cover for 3 minutes. Stir in quinoa and season with salt and fresh pepper to taste.

Serve, top with:
• fresh herbs to taste
• fresh grated Cheddar or cheese of choice

Tru3 J0y
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Liquorice Tea

Liquorice Tea
1WP_20130819_032/2 ounce of licorice root boiled in 1 pint (2 cups) of water for 15 minutes

</strong>Warnings:<strong>
Licorice has been used for thousands of years to treat many conditions, but it can still have <strong>adverse effects</strong>. Licorice, or any herbal preparation, is best used under the supervision of a qualified practitioner. Moderate amounts of licorice could lead to muscle pain or numbness in the arms and legs or weight gain. Consumption of high doses of glycyrrhizin could lead to headaches, fatigue, water retention (edema), high blood pressure, or possibly a heart attack.

The use of licorice is not advised for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Licorice can cause fluid retention and has been associated with preterm labor.

Licorice should be avoided by anyone who has:
•Diabetes
•Edema
•Heart disease
•High blood pressure
•Kidney disease
•Liver disease
•Men with decreased libido or sexual dysfunction
•Myasthenia gravis
•Obesity

Liquorice Teas

Liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra):

  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Enabling the body to cope with stressful conditions
  • Migraines 
  • Beneficial effect on the adrenal glands after steroid therapy
  • Catarrh
  • Coughs
  • Asthma/bronchial
  • Cough mixture
  • Stomach/gastro-intestinal ulcers
  • Inhibits growth of tumours
  • Gentle laxative
  • Immuno-stimulant
  • Antispasmodic
  • Anti-stress
  • Expectorant

Warning: risk of potassium loss may cause high blood pressure

Please read my previous post for more information on side-effects:

https://sharonac72.wordpress.com/2014/08/11/liquorice-glycyrrhiza-glabra/

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Liquorice mix/tea

1 cm piece of liquorice root, chopped

1 cm piece of cinnamon stick

1/2 teaspoon of fennel seeds

1/2 teaspoon of ginger root, chopped

200ml cold water

Method

Put all ingredients into a small saucepan and bring to the boil, simmer gently for five minutes strain and serve.

Ice cold Liquorice Tea

Ingredients

• Water, 6 cups
• Licorice Root, 2½ tsp. (dried)
• Cinnamon Stick, 1
• Peppermint, ½ cup (dried)
• Honey, ½ cup

  1. Take a large pot and pour water into it.
  2. Keep the pot over high heat and bring the water to boil.
  3. Then, add licorice and cinnamon to the boiling water, and lower the heat to simmer the liquid.
  4. Then cover the pot partially, with a lid and simmer it for 10 more minutes.
  5. Remove the pot from heat, and add peppermint to the liquid.
  6. Cover the pot completely and let it steep for 10 minutes.
  7. Now, strain the tea and add honey to it.
  8. Let the tea cool completely, and then place the jug to refrigerate.
  9. Serve with ice cubes.

Liquorice Glycyrrhiza glabra

morning breakingLicorice plant (Glycyrrhiza glabra) is a legume, which roots have a sweet flavour. The roots contain compounds, like anethole and glycyrrhizic acid, responsible for the sweetness and other properties of this herb.

Licorice was used by the ancient Greeks and Egyptians for therapeutic purposes. This herb was used for treating stomach disorders as well as respiratory problems. It was very widely used in Asia and Europe too.

Today, licorice is used as flavouring agent, herbal medicine, available as root extract, tablets, root tea, candies, etc. You may also come across tobacco products flavored with licorice. However, use of licorice in high doses, that too for a long term, may result in serious side effects.

Benefits of using licorice:
Licorice roots are otherwise known as sweet wood, sweet root, black sugar, and liquorice.

The most common uses of licorice root is effective for:

  • Treating respiratory problems, like bronchitis and asthma
  • Use as an expectorant, and is an active ingredient in cough syrups
  • Relieving the symptoms of allergic conditions, like hay fever and allergic rhinitis
  • Stomach ulcers are also treated with licorice
  • Beneficial for treating conditions, like Crohn’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome, ileitis, and chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Cure sore throats
  • Bloating and acidity
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Symptoms of menopause
  • Boosts the immune system, thereby preventing viral infections; <u>used for treating viral hepatitis and genital herpes
  • Lower LDL cholesterol and prevent arteriosclerosis
  • Treating skin conditions, like eczema, dermatitis, and psoriasis. 

Side Effects

Research studies suggest the reason for these side effects is due to the presence of glycyrrhizic acid and licorice being ingested in high doses.

There are two types of licorice products – one with glycyrrhizic acid and the other without that compound.
Excess use of licorice may cause certain side effects associated with factors of:

  • Like excess consumption,
  • Interaction with other drugs
  • Physical condition of the user

The most common side effects of licorice roots:

  • Headache,
  • Breathing difficulty,
  • Water retention,
  • Stomach ache,
  • Joint stiffness.

Long-term use of this herb has been linked to: high blood pressure, edema, liver problems, kidney diseases, and pseudoaldosteronism.

Excess use especially in high doses of licorice with glycyrrhizic acid has been linked to: muscle weakness, chronic fatigue, headaches, inflammation, and low testosterone levels in men.

Licorice roots should not be taken by people with high blood pressure, diabetes, cirrhosis, kidney problems, heart diseases, low blood potassium levels, estrogen-sensitive disorders, etc. Pregnant and nursing women and small kids should also avoid use of this herb. It is better to avoid licorice, if you are taking diuretics or heart medication. In case, you wish to use this herb for medicinal purposes, consult a qualified herbal practitioner and follow his instructions.

The root of a plant named Glycyrrhiza glabra more commonly known as Liquorice. The sweet extract obtained from this root is also referred to as licorice, a confectionery extracted from the roots of this plant. This confectionery is used for preparing various sweets like chocolates and candies. 

<p class=”post-sig”>Tru3 J0y
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