Gluten intolerance and Coeliac glossary

Coeliac Disease: A condition also known as coeliac sprue and gluten intolerance.

Coeliac disease is an autoimmune condition, where the body’s immune system starts attacking normal
tissue, such as intestinal tissue, in response to eating gluten. It is a genetically based autoimmune disease characterized by sensitivity to proteins found in the cereal grains wheat, barley and rye.

Gluten: Gluten is the general name for one of the proteins found in wheat, rye and barley.

Gluten Intolerant: Gluten intolerance is a broad term which includes several different types of sensitivity to gluten. It is an autoimmune response of the body, much like celiac disease.

Coeliac disease is the most severe form of gluten intolerance.

Gluten Sensitive: see Gluten Intolerant

Wheat Allergy: An immune response to wheat. Also includes allergic reactions to different
proteins found in wheat and other similar cereal grains.

Wheat Intolerance: Commonly refers to a non-allergic reaction to eating wheat, and does not
evoke an immune response by the body.

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